Shakespeare, Conspiracies & Boycotts, oh my!

Friends, Romans, Countrymen, led me your ears.

(Note, this is a corrected update)

This has been a crazy (and I mean it in the literal sense) week regarding Shakespeare & conspiracies. I’ve been meaning to write this blog post since last Tuesday, after what I was sure would be a calming of the storm, but the crazy is spiraling out of control. Someone is going to get hurt, all because of a Shakespeare play.

In case you have been blissfully unaware, this year the New York Public Theater’s Shakespeare in the Park production is Julius Caesar; a very modern production, with Caesar having blond hair, a blue suit, and long tie. The play is aimed at a modern audience who just happens to have a sitting president that has dyed blond hair, and seems to only wear blue suites and long ties.

This is not the first time a Shakespeare theater company has depicted a sitting president as Julius Caesar. My friend Jason reminded that in 2012, the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis also produced a modern retelling of the story, this time with a black man in a dark suit as Caesar. I’m sure if we were to go back in time, we’d find other theaters doing the same thing to other leaders. Modernizing Shakespeare is nothing new. What is new is the outrage this particular production has sparked.

The outrage, the distorted news stories, and silly boycotts are all clear examples of something I have talked about in the past; the dumbing down of America. Though I cannot now think of a better example than this one. It seems everyone is getting this play wrong, and asserting things that are not true, simply because the have not bothered to read the play. Hell if they had bothered to read this cliff notes we’d all be better off. So before we get into the conspiracy and boycott, let’s talk about Julius Caesar, the play.

Julius Caesar is thought to be one of Shakespeare’s first plays to be performed at the newly constructed Globe Theater. Shakespeare’s audience would have been fully aware of the history of Rome, and the controversy surrounding the emperor’s murder. It was a subject of debate at the time and continued to be debated up to the early 17th century. Dante put both Brutus and Cassius, the two main co- conspirators, in the 9th circle of hell as traitors, but by the 16th century, philosophers like Philip Sidney thought Brutus was brave by trying to save the republic (spoiler, he didn’t). Shakespeare seemed to weigh in by giving his audience a play that showed the assassination and its aftermath; both bloody, and both seemingly pointless.

Here is a mini version of the cliff notes version of Julius Caesar:

Several members of the senate, fearing Caesar has become too powerful, decides the only course of action is to assassinate him. They think they will be “greeted like liberators” to quote anther modern politician, but they are not. Anthony, horrified by what they have done, gives a moving speech in which repeatedly calls Brutus “honorable” but clearly means the opposite. The speech works, and results in its intended effect; the crowd calls for the blood of those who killed Caesar. The conspirers, now fearing for their lives ,flee Italy only to be hunted down by Anthony and Caesar’s nephew, Octavius. Realizing they cannot win, Brutus and Cassius kill themselves. In the end all of the conspirers are dead and Roman order is restored.

There are several lesson this play gives us, all of which seem to be lost this week. The first is the error of the lust for power. The Senate, fearing they are losing their collective power of privilege, decides to take it upon themselves to grab it back. And in doing so, act worse than the leader they all fear. The second, is assuming the end justifies the means, or assuming you are in the right. The conspirers are so determined to “save” the republic they assume all will agree with their actions, even if it means getting rid of a beloved emperor. The people turned on them because they miscalculate how the deed is taken by the masses. Thirdly, this play shows what happens when there is a loss of balance of power. When one part of any government becomes too strong, the other side pushes back. Julius Caesar demonstrates this cycle with no defined winners. I could do a whole post about this one topic alone, but we will skip the analysis for another day. My main point to this brief outline is to assert that this particular play is not about the assassination of a leader; rather it is an argument against the assassination of a leader. Anthony’s moving and often-cited speech, along with the death scenes of Brutus and Cassius, are proof of this claim. Anyone who tells you differently has not read the play. And here my friends, is where my ranting begins, or in the words of one of my favorite podcasts, Stuff They Don’t Want You to Know, “here is where it gets crazy”.

Last weekend Fox Faux News reported that New York’s Public Theater was hosting a play depicting the murder of Donald Trump. Clearly knowing nothing about the play, or the history of modernizing Shakespeare, the news site reported this as part of an alarming trend of how the left is disrespecting the president. How they did this straight faced is beyond my comprehension. They seemed to forget this happened to Obama in 2012, and clearly have selective amnesia when it comes remembering that many on the left put up public signs with illustrations of nooses that read “Hang in there Obama”. Where was Fox’s outrage then?

But, it gets even crazier. Last week’s Twitter hashtag game #ShakespeareSunday’s theme coincidentally was ‘Rebellion”. For those who don’t know what I may be talking about, every Sunday hundreds of people engage in a Twitter hashtag (#) game hosted by a an amazing lady (not several as noted before) with the Twitter handle, @HollowCrownFans. This game was started when the first of the BBC Hollow Crowns series aired, and we’ve been playing ever since. The rules are simple. Each week a theme is picked and players use the theme to quote Shakespeare; more often than not, accompanied by a picture that links the quote to our modern world. This is our way of demonstrating Shakespeare’s relevance to the modern world. Because last week’s them was “Rebellion”, Twitter was overrun with bard quotes and Star Wars pictures and memes.

Luke
Henry IV, Part 1 Act 5

But, because of the dumbing down of America, Trump supporters smelled a conspiracy between the players and the Public Theater. A call to boycott the hashtag rose up among them. Some even tried to warn New York taxpayers that their money was being used by a group that sought to undermine our democracy by disrespecting our president. Let me put this another way, there are some some on Twitter who think @HollowCrownFans, a private Twitter handle, is owned by unknown left leaning public entity. That’s how fucking crazy this is getting! And now, these same people are trying to connect anything from a playwright, who has been dead for over 400 years, to the anti-Trump movement. This is how insane and ignorant this is getting.

Shakespeare in the park is not only being disrupted and boycotted by Trump supporters, Delta Airline and Bank of America have pulled their support of the theater, even though the play is not a celebration of the death of a leader. Nor is it a call to assassinate the president of the United States. If anyone at Delta or B of A had bothered to see the play they’d know this.

The media is not helping. The News Week’s author, on writing about the production, admits he has not viewed the play. He quotes the director as saying “ Julius Caesar is a warning parable to those who try to fight for democracy by undemocratic means”. Yet this quote is lost on the author who ignores it and goes on to talk about how the critics have a point. No. They. Do. Not. The director, by choosing to Trump as a stand-in is warning us that, no matter who is in charge, we must always let democracy rule. How much more clearer can this message get?? Yet the author goes on to talk about his own reading and understanding of the play, but his later message is hollow because of his argument against the production of a modernized version of the play. This author claims to have taught Shakespeare, yet he is ignorant of the history of modernizing the plays and worse, shows his ignorance of why plays are often modernized. We modernize them in order to show how relevant Shakespeare’s work is even today, and historically human behavior has not changed much over time. By modernizing Shakespeare we keep him close to us and allow him to continue to teaching us many much needed lesson.

There is no doubt that America is divided today and any little spark tends to result in a firestorm. I get it. But this catering to the dumbing down of America by the media and big businesses is only adding fuel to the fires. I cannot help but laugh at those who are boycotting Shakespeare as they are allowing their own ignorance and hate to shine for all to see. Yet, by the same hand, I fear for our country, as episodes like these are further dividing our country.

No there is no big conspiracy. Shakespeare doesn’t hate Trump, #ShakespeareSunday is a just game for fans of Shakespeare to enjoy, and Julius Caesar is not a celebration of murder. Oh, and I have a new game for you. Its called, #GetoffTwitter&GoReadaBook.

If Trump were a Shakespeare Character

 Photo by Chris Pizzello/Invision/AP
Photo by Chris Pizzello/Invision/AP

I had every intention of writing a piece this morning about revenge ghosts in Shakespeare’s plays, but the recent events in American politics cannot go unnoticed. As a woman I would be remiss if I did not comment on the latest news from the dumpster fire that is the Trump campaign.

The release of the “Trump Tapes” has made it clear that this man could “literally walk out onto 5th Avenue and shot someone, and not lose any voters”. But that doesn’t mean the rest of us should just sit back and let him. The view of his supporters that claim “men talk this way” sickens me. No, men do not talk this way. Even early 17th century misogynist( by today’s standards) playwrights did not talk this way!

Elizabethan theater is known for being extremely bawdy- a word that means vulgar, lewd, and crude. Yet if we look at Trump’s own words on women, we find that he takes the term to its lowest form; gutter speak. If Shakespeare had stooped this low we would most certainly not celebrate his work. If we did dare speak about him, we’d be talking about the low point in English theater.

I’ve heard several supporters on TV today saying that Trump’s words don’t matter, and what he said back then (for one of these quotes, back then was the last debate) has no bearing on what he does now. Bullshit. Words matter! We all know words are used to symbolize our thoughts and views. They are often stand-ins for our actions. Words express our desires, and in Trump’s case the words he uses symbolize his view of women as a whole and how he thinks they can and should be treated.

To prove it, I’ve taken five of Shakespeare’s characters and inserted some of Trump’s actual words about women. It is my hope that those who are trying to defend Trump by dismissing his words are taken aback when viewing them in this context. If you are sharing this with someone who is unfamiliar with Shakespeare’s plays I’ve italicized Trump’s words.

If Trump were a Shakespeare Character.

Romeo/Trump:
O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!
Its seems she hangs upon the cheek of night
Like a rich jewel in an Ethiope’s ear;
Beauty too rich for use, for earth to dear!
I’ve got to use some Tic Tacs, just in case I start kissing her. “
You know I’m automatically attracted to beautiful
I just start kissing them.
It’s like a magnet.
Just kiss.
I don’t even wait.”

Lear/Trump:
Tell me, my daughters
Since now we divest us both of rule,
Interest in territory, cares of state,
Which you shall we say doth love us most?
If you weren’t my daughters, I’d probably try to date you.
Benedict/Trump:
What, my dear Lady Distain!
Are you yet living?
You’re a fat ugly pig
Everyone agrees with me.
Richard III/Trump
I am determined to prove a villain
You know, it doesn’t really matter what [they] write as long as you’ve got a young and beautiful piece of ass.

Petruchio/Trump: Who knows not where a wasp does wear his sting?
Katherine: In his tongue.
Petruchio/Trump: Whose tongue?
Katherine: Yours, if you talk of tales. And so farewell.
Petruchio/Trump: What, with my tongue in your tail? Nay, come again good Kate. I am a gentleman, though I could grab your pussy because I’m wealthy and women let me do it.

I would like to give credit where credit is due. My roommate and I were talking about Trump and Shakespeare this morning. We had both read different articles this on the very subject. I read Stephen Greenblatt’s Shakespeare Explains the 2016 Election while she read Aryeh Cohen-Wade’s Donald Trump Performs Shakespeare’s Soliloquies.  I recommend both.  After talking about the train-wreck of a human I decided to switch topics this morning and write this piece.

Works Cited

Esquire Magazine

Entertainment Tonight

ABC News

NBC Debate

@RealDonaldJTrump

The Complete Shakespeare, Yale Unversity Press